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Chiral Analysis of Naringenin by RP-HPLC

Naringenin is a chiral flavonoid found in foods such as tomatoes and citrus. In vivo studies have shown positive health effects such as anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-tumor, and antioxidant properties. One limitation of current studies is the lack of chiral characterization. While it is known that the S enantiomer is the natural product, the ratio of enantiomers in foods has not been studied. There is no data as to whether S-naringenin's enantiomer has positive or negative effects. To better characterize naringenin as a potential pharmaceutical, a detailed method is presented here for the chiral analysis of racemic naringenin using Cosmosil CHiRAL series HPLC columns.


Figure 1: Analysis of racemic naringenin on columns with three different chiral stationary phases. Cosmosil CHiRAL B shows significant resolution of the enantiomers compared with CHiRAL A and C.

Acquisition Method:

Column: CHiRAL A, B, or C
Column Size: 4.6 x 250 mm
Mobile Phase: Water : Acetonitrile 35:65
Flow Rate: 1 mL/min
Temperature: 50°C
Detection: UV 275
Sample: Racemic Naringenin 1 mM in ethanol
Inj. Vol.: 1 µL

structures of enantiomers of naringenin

Data courtesy of Nacalai USA.